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Carved Jadeite Phoenix Pendant Necklace
Item #45903
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Smithsonian Exclusive Smithsonian Institution Exclusive

This finely carved jadeite pendant with its arching neck, etched circle, and ornate openwork center recalls auspicious jade bi-disks dating to Neolithic China. Celebrating the Chinese phoenix—believed to be the mythical king of all birds and messengers of happiness—this eloquent phoenix pendant is presented on an adjustable cord. Natural variations will occur.
Many Chinese, Japanese and Korean artifacts curated by our Freer Gallery of Art depict the phoenix. Many of these objects were donated by Charles Lang Freer, who also donated the Gallery to the Smithsonian.
Pendant, 2"l. x 1.73"w. Adjustable cord, 16-24"l.
Jade is a general name for two different minerals—jadeite and nephrite. Though nearly identical in appearance, jadeite and nephrite have distinctly different mineral compositions. Rarer jadeite is usually a vivid green, but can also be lavender, red, orange, yellow, brown, white, black or gray. Nephrite ranges from creamy white to green to almost black. In Chinese culture, jade is believed to symbolize nobility, perfection and immortality.

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